10 things you need to know about Sub-Saharan Africa




Inherited Diseases 

Sickle cell is a disease that affects millions of people throughout the world with more than 2 million people carrying the gene. In truth the   disease occurs more often than none in people from parts of the world where malaria is common and is particularly popular amongst people whose heritage originates from Sub-Saharan Africa.

HIV/AIDS and Healthcare

To date there are 800 million people living in Africa with Sub-Saharan Africa being home to 10 percent of the world’s population. In nine of Sub-Saharan countries the average life expectancy is now 47, as million of adults are dying of AIDS while still young, or in early middle age. The HIV/AIDS epedemic is crippling Sub-Sahran’s stability, while erasing decades of development progress. In the absence of proper treatment and care the AIDS death toll will continue to rise and continue to devestate whole communities across Sub-Saharan.

Global Warming

With Africa being one of the most underdevloped continents its contribution to increasing greenhouse gases has been minimal and yet it’s the most vulnerable of continents to climate change, as widespread poverty reduces its options to adapt. Such a negative impact increases the intensity of droughts, floods, food security, human welfare, soil productivity, and starvation.

Water Stress/Management

Currently access to secure water in Sub-Saharan Africa proves worse than any other continent with only eight of its countries population having access to safe water. Sub-Saharan countries chronically suffer from overburdened water systems due to mismanagement of resources, lack of enviromental research and advanced growth in urban areas.


Bio-fuel derived from bio-mass is productively a growing industry due to its sustainable fuel sources. Sub-Saharan Africa’s bio-fuel industry is set to play an important role as many of its countries; primarily South Africa, Angola and Mozambique will potentially become leading bio-fuel and carbon credit suppliers to the world. Its industry serves the interests of developed markets alonside Brazil, China and THE EU, with Brazil leading the effort.




On average 45 to 55 percent of Sub-Saharan Africans live below the poverty line due to 80 percent of Africa’s population surviving on less than a dollar (US) a day. The poverty trap in which Africa is confined stems from poor income, education, gender equality, child morality, maternal health, malaria, HIV/AIDS, trade, and enviroment sustainability. Agriculture is a critical factor for the region as 79 percent of the population rely on farming as their main source of income.


Sub-Saharan Africa relies heavily on agriculture and has an abundant natural resource base, but it’s the natural resource that is often the root cause of social instability. Significant constraints on agriculture productivity include low usage of improved technologies and regulatory frameworks. Food production has also been affected by the rise of HIV/AIDS, as productivity becomes compromised by the need to care for infected family members.

Landmine Era

Africa remains heavily affected by anti-personnel mines as 22 Sub-Saharan countries suffered the consequences of mining contamination. Angola and Mozambique endured the brunt of anti-personnel mines due to decades of civil war and at current remains a major problem whilst continuing to affect millions of Sub-Saharan African lives. A large number of Africans die or are injured through anti-personnel mines every year, subsequently significant efforts are being made to address the situation and to put and end to anti-personnel mines once and for all, as all but two of these affected countries are now parties to the covention on the prohibition of anti-personnel mines.


Throughout many developing countries most children, more often girls, are still deprived of the right to an education. Since 2007 a new initiative was introduced to ensure that African children will have access to quality basic education. Sub-Saharan children – the future of many countries – are at the forefront of such a development, as their education is vital to sustaining democracies, improving health, increasing per capita income, and conserving environmental resources. This social gain of events is essential to strengthening Sub-Saharan Africa’s global economy.

Global Economy

Growth of Sub-Saharan Africa’s economy has remained stagnant as it continues to fail highlighting the number of people living on less than a dollar (US) a day, as unchanged. Recent debt relief helped to free budgetary resources for spending on infrastructure and social programmes, along with an improved performance in agriculture, and yet still little change is made in the number of children under five who are under weight and remain hungry.


3 Responses to “10 things you need to know about Sub-Saharan Africa”

  1. Great overview – but where are the links? Where did you get the info from?

  2. stephennunes Says:

    The photos on your site are good!

  3. Yes, link credits may be appreciated by the owner, but they’re no substitute for licensing and don’t negate copyright infringement claims.

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